New training focuses on safety during home health care visits
The U-M Division of Public Safety and Security (DPSS) launched a training last month, in partnership with U-M Health Post-Acute Care Services, aimed at keeping health care employees — and patients — safe during home care visits.
More than 35 nurses, physical therapists, social workers, wheelchair technicians, delivery drivers and home health care leaders took part in three inaugural sessions of REACT, the Rapid Environmental Assessment and Control Training, offered in September.
First of its kind
The REACT program is a first of its kind in the health care industry, combining classroom learning with virtual and real-life scenario-based training that includes role playing in actual home environments.
During the classroom portion that kicks off the four-hour training, participants learn about different safety mindsets, scanning the environment for potential threats, and the importance of things like eye contact and body language. Employees learn to assess their surroundings and identify immediate and potential concerns.
“There’s a saying that in moments of crisis, you don’t rise to the occasion, you sink to the level of your training,” said Brian Uridge, M.P.A., C.P.P., CHPA, C.T.M., DPSS deputy director and director of Michigan Medicine Security. “We want to be sure all employees, especially those going into unfamiliar environments, are armed with knowledge and experience that will help them stay safe.”
REACT includes a MILO (multiple interactive learning objectives) virtual session with full, life-size screens that place participants in four different home care scenarios. Participants must make real-time decisions in situations like parking for a home visit, walking into the middle of a conflict and witnessing illegal drug use. Each participant experiences MILO individually, as a trainer starts their scenario from a nearby computer and then programs in the next set of circumstances based on the participant’s reaction to what’s happening on the screen.
The role-play portion of the training takes place in actual apartments, where members of the Michigan Medicine Security team and nurse educators pretend to be patients and household members who might be present during a home visit. Participants enter the apartment one at a time and are met with unexpected circumstances that test their situational awareness and response. At the end of each session, members of the training team review the situation with the participant and discuss the best ways to stay safe.
The final portion of the training is a session on vehicle preparedness that provides an overview of items that home health care workers — and others — should keep in their car to ensure readiness and safety in a variety of situations.
Meeting the need with teamwork and innovation
Conversations between DPSS and Post-Acute Care leaders revealed an opportunity to partner and create this new training for clinical staff providing in-home health care services.
“Care at Home is the initiative of the year for U-M Health,” said Eric Towell, R.N., EMBA, FABC, associate chief operating officer for Post-Acute Care Services. “In addition to our standard home health care services, we are now offering hospital-level care to patients in their homes and working to grow those programs.
“More providers, care teams and support staff will be in patient homes,” Towell said. “We want to ensure the safety of those individuals and, at the same time, teach them how to respond in situations where a patient may be in danger, like an abusive or neglectful relationship, or the presence of weapons, drugs or an unsafe environment.”
The first step in developing the training was gathering information to better understand the need. Uridge said members of the Michigan Medicine Security team accompanied home health care workers on visits and walked with them through patient homes so health care workers could share their biggest safety concerns. Input gathered during these visits served as a foundation for the training.
Then, the team looked at existing training programs for important elements to include.
“REACT was modeled after law enforcement and military situational awareness training programs that are designed to keep staff safe by helping them identify, assess and de-escalate or avoid situations,” said Uridge. “We used principles from Welle de-escalation and situational awareness trainings and the SMART (specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time-bound) concept to develop this training.”
“The entire training program was designed, and is being delivered, by nurse educators, security and law enforcement working as a team,” said Uridge.
“The most exciting part of developing and launching this training has been the collaboration between clinical staff and DPSS,” he said. “REACT is a great example of the importance of every voice and the fact that we are better when we work together.”
Uridge, Towell and their teams look forward to continued collaboration on the REACT training, which Uridge said he hopes to offer to all home health care workers annually.
The DPSS team is also working with nurse educators to develop similar, scenario-based trainings for faculty and staff who work in adult and psychiatric emergency services.
“We know 75% of all workplace violence occurs in a health care setting,” said Uridge, “and 41% of that occurs in the emergency department.
“Our goal is to ensure that faculty and staff are trained to assess risk and react to potential dangers, wherever they are. Whether in a home care environment or clinical setting, it’s important for employees to feel safe and have the knowledge and skills to stay safe,” he said.
Watch this video from DPSS for a brief glimpse at the REACT training.