Who was that? The people behind the names at Michigan Medicine

August 6, 2020  //  FOUND IN: News,
L-R, top row: Zina Pitcher, Eliza Mosher. Middle: Alice Hamilton, William Henry Fitzbutler Bottom: Victor Vaughan, Harry Towsley

History is all around you on the main Michigan Medicine campus. Which isn’t surprising, given that the medical school opened in 1850 and the first hospital admitted its first patients in 1869 — the first university-owned hospital in the country.

But who were the people whose names you see on buildings, lecture halls, organizations and more? In many cases, they’re people directly involved in the organization’s past — founders, faculty or graduates of the medical school.

As part of the ongoing observation of the 150th anniversary of the academic medical center, here are short descriptions and links to more information about some “famous names” enshrined physically or virtually at Michigan Medicine.

At the end, find a link to learn more about other names on major buildings — those of donors whose gifts honored their experience with our care or trust in our research, and foundations that gave major grants.

Medical pioneers

Zina Pitcher, M.D.: The 19th century physician with an unusual first name has a street named for him, between Huron and Catherine streets.

Pitcher was one of the first regents of U-M, appointed in 1836 when he was a prominent physician in Detroit. He led the founding of the medical school, arguing in 1847 that it should be “an example worthy of imitation” and that the physicians hired to teach there should be full-fledged members of the faculty, which was unusual at the time. An avid botanist, Pitcher also has a species of thistle named for him. Read more about him.

Victor Vaughan, M.D.: Dean of the medical school for 30 years, and a noted expert in both toxicology and infectious disease, Vaughan’s name is on a red brick office building next to the Taubman Health Sciences Library that started out in 1938 as a dormitory for medical students.

Read more about the building, about Vaughan’s time as dean and his role in the 1918 flu pandemic. An organization for medical students interested in history once bore his name, but it was removed in 2019 because of his support for eugenics. His son Henry Frieze Vaughan, Ph.D., was a noted epidemiologist and the first dean of the School of Public Health, and his name is on one of that school’s buildings.

Eliza Mosher, M.D.: As one of the first women to attend the medical school, starting in 1871 and graduating in 1875, Mosher returned to campus in 1896 as the first female faculty member, a general physician to women students, and Dean of Women. In the intervening years, she had pioneered health programs for imprisoned women in New York. Her name, and that of her successor as dean, Myra B. Jordan, are now on the dormitory on Observatory Street. Read more about her.

Harry Towsley, M.D.: A 1931 graduate of the Medical School who went on to become chair of the Department of Postgraduate Education, Towsley was a champion of continuing medical education, and led the effort to help practicing physicians across Michigan update their knowledge and skills throughout their careers. 

He and his wife Margaret, an heir of the founder of the Dow Chemical family, gave funds for the creation of the Towsley Center at the heart of the medical campus. It opened in 1969 and includes the Dow Auditorium as well as a Clinical Simulation Center where thousands of medical professionals from U-M and beyond train each year. Read more about Harry Towsley here.

Seven noted scientists, seven lecture halls

In 2000, as the medical school celebrated its 150th anniversary, seven lecture halls in its Medical Science I and II buildings and the first level of the Taubman Health Sciences Library building were renamed in honor of leading basic scientists from the institution’s past. Read about all of them here.

They are:

  • Gerald D. Abrams, M.D., noted research pathologist and medical educator
  • John Jacob Abel, M.D., first professor of pharmacology in the U.S. when he arrived at U-M in 1891 to chair the department
  • Minor J. Coon, Ph.D., noted biological chemist and department chair
  • Elizabeth C. Crosby, Ph.D., neuroanatomist, highly regarded anatomy professor, and the first woman to receive tenure as a member of the U-M faculty
  • Horace Davenport, Ph.D., D.Sc., noted physiologist and medical historian, and department chair
  • James Neel, M.D., Ph.D., pioneering geneticist and founder of the first medical school department in the country devoted to the topic
  • Frederick Neidhardt, Ph.D., nationally known microbiologist and science administrator who chaired a Medical School department and served as vice president for research

Four medical student ‘houses,’ four pioneers

When new medical students arrive at Michigan, they’re “sorted” into one of the four houses, or longitudinal learning communities, of the M-Home program that was founded to provide personal and professional support throughout their medical education.

Each house is named for a pioneer from Michigan’s past:

  • William Henry Fitzbutler, M.D., the first Black medical graduate, who received his degree in 1872 and went on to found a hospital and the first medical school open to applicants regardless of color. Read more about him.   
  • Alice Hamilton, M.D., an 1893 graduate of the medical school who blazed a path in the health of workers in factories and more. Read more about her.
  • Jonas Salk, M.D., who came to U-M for a research fellowship and faculty appointment in virology, and went on to develop the first successful polio vaccine, which was tested in a clinical trial led by his U-M mentor, Thomas Francis, Ph.D. Read more about Salk.
  • Amanda Sanford, M.D., the first woman to graduate from the medical school, in 1871, with a capstone project on eclampsia during childbirth. She went on to found a small hospital in upstate New York, focusing on equal care for women. Read more about her.

Five medical leaders, five inpatient services

If you’re in University Hospital, you might hear residents and faculty from the Department of Internal Medicine talk about the Sturgis, Francis, Hewlett, Dock and Newburgh services — shorthand for five inpatient units. They’re named for historical figures from the department’s past:

  • George Dock, M.D.
  • Cyrus C. Sturgis, M.D., 
  • Thomas Francis, Jr., M.D.
  • Louis H. Newburgh, M.D.
  • Albion Walter Hewlett, M.D.

Most are profiled here; read more about Francis here.  

Donors and foundations

An eye center named for breakfast cereal pioneer and glaucoma patient W.K. Kellogg. A mental health care and research building named for two women named Rachel Upjohn. A children’s hospital named for auto magnate C.S. Mott.

These and other names of major donors and foundation benefactors are on several major buildings across our main and east medical campuses.

Learn more about some of them in this story from the Medical Development team, and these stories about the Frankel Cardiovascular Center, the Rogel Cancer Center, and the Couzens residence hall that was built in the 1920s to house nursing students training at our new hospital that stood where the CVC stands today.

For more about the history of Michigan Medicine, visit http://uofmhealth.org/history.

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