LOL: Learn Our Lingo archive

June 6, 2018  //  FOUND IN: Updates & Resources

Here are acronyms that have been highlighted through the Headlines Acronym of the Month!

Organizational acronyms:

  • UMHS: The U-M Health System, which is the clinical enterprise at Michigan Medicine.
    • Part of the health system is comprised of the hospitals at the academic medical center, some of which are known by acronyms. These include:
      • UH/CVC: University Hospital and the Frankel Cardiovascular Center
      • C&W: C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital and Von Voigtlander Women’s Hospital
      • Quick note: The Rogel Cancer Center is not abbreviated in any instance.
  • UMMG: The U-M Medical Group, which comprises more than 2,000 physicians. This group is made of the faculty members at the U-M Medical School and oversees ambulatory care at Michigan Medicine.
  • MHC: Michigan Health Corporation, which was established to pursue projects, joint ventures and managed care initiatives that support the research, education and clinical missions of the organization.

Michigan Medicine facilities:

  • BCSC: Brighton Center for Specialty Care. Set to open next month, the BCSC is a large, cutting-edge facility that will provide more than 50 specialties to pediatric and adult outpatients in Livingston County.
  • BSRB: Biomedical Science Research Building. A state-of-the-art research facility that contains more than 240 labs, 175 offices and areas for students, researchers and faculty members to collaborate.
  • EAA: East Ann Arbor Health Center. A facility providing primary and specialty care services to outpatients. EAA is also home to the organization’s geriatrics center.
  • NCAC: North Campus Administrative Complex: NCAC houses employees from a number of administrative departments, including Human Resources, the Department of Communication, the Office of Patient Experience, Paging Services and a number of outpatient call centers. Health Information Management — where patients can retrieve their medical records — is also stationed at NCAC.
  • NCRC: North Campus Research Complex. A sprawling 32-acre facility that was originally built by pharmaceutical company Parke-Davis in 1960 and later utilized by Pfizer. The university took over the complex in 2009 and it now serves as the home of numerous research labs, meeting spaces and, as of earlier this summer, the Department of Pathology.
  • NIB: North Ingalls Building. Located on the site of the old St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, NIB was taken over by U-M in 1977. There you can find many Michigan Medicine administrative offices along with classrooms and offices for the U-M School of Nursing.
  • THSL: Taubman Health Sciences Library. Newly renovated, the THSL serves as a 24/7 education hub with electronic resources and collaboration spaces for med students. There is also a dedicated med student lounge.
  • WAA-PP: West Ann Arbor-Parkland Plaza. Dozens of specialties have seen patients in this facility since it opened in late 2017. One of its main draws is the radiology unit, which provides general imaging, CT scans, ultrasounds and mammography away from the main medical campus.

Patient care units:

  • ADTU: Ambulatory Diagnostic Treatment Unit. The ADTU is a patient’s best option for nonemergent ambulatory care, addressing acute issues that could normally be handled in a clinic setting, but require extra time or intervention. While the ADTU requires a referral from a Michigan Medicine team member, it reduces emergency department admissions and alleviates wait time for patients.
  • CCMU: Critical Care Medicine Unit. A 20-bed area on the 6th floor of University Hospital that provides intensive observation and specialized care for critically-ill adult patients. It is similar to what is referred to simply as the ICU (intensive care unit) in other hospitals and health centers.
  • MPU: Medical Procedures Unit. This unit cares for patients who undergo endoscopic and procedural interventions in the fields of digestive and pulmonary disease. It is located on the second level of University Hospital.
  • MSSU: Medical Short Stay Unit. Founded in 2015, the MSSU provides care to patients that require a brief hospital stay, typically expected to last less than 48 hours. There are two locations, one on B1 of Taubman Center and one on the fourth floor of UH South.
  • CICU: Cardiac Intensive Care Unit. An area that cares for critically-ill cardiac patients. It is located on the seventh floor of University Hospital.
  • NICU: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit or Newborn Intensive Care Unit. Babies who are born prematurely or who need specialized care are treated in the NICU, located on level 8 of C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital.
  • PICU: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Faculty and staff in the 30-bed Mott PICU provide advanced care for infants, children and young adults with life-threatening conditions. It is located on the 10th floor.
  • PACU: Post-Anesthesia Care Unit. Where most patients are taken following a surgical procedure that includes anesthesia. Anesthesiologists and other experts monitor patient conditions near all Michigan Medicine operating rooms to ensure they are making a safe recovery.
  • PCTU: Pediatric Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit. Cardiologists, cardiac surgeons and nurses in this 30-bed unit, located on the 10th floor at Mott, are specially trained to handle patients who are approaching or already in cardiorespiratory arrest.
  • SICU: Surgical Intensive Care Unit. Faculty and staff in this unit care for post-operative patients who are critically ill or at high risk. This includes individuals recovering from kidney and liver transplants and patients with cancer. The 20-bed unit is located on the 5th floor of University Hospital.

Patient safety acronyms:

  • HAC: Health care acquired condition, health care associated condition or hospital acquired condition
    • CAUTI: Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection
    • CLABSI: Central-Line Associated Bloodstream Infection
    • SSI: Surgical Site Infection
    • C. Diff: Clostridium difficile infection (also called C. difficile) — an infection that affects the colon

Accreditation bodies:

  • ACCME: The Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education. The ACCME is the accreditation body for organizations that provide continuing medical education credits (CME). According to its website, in order for an institution to earn accreditation, it must “meet requirements for delivering independent CME that accelerates learning, change and improvement in health care.”
  • ACGME: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. The ACGME carries out regular Clinical Learning Environment Reviews (CLER) every 18-24 months. The most recent CLER site visit at Michigan Medicine took place earlier this summer and measured the organization’s ability to prepare residents and fellows to enter the workforce.
  • ANCC: American Nurses Credentialing Center. The ANCC certifies hospitals across the U.S. with Magnet recognition, meaning the facilities meet rigorous standards for quality patient care, nursing excellence and innovations in professional nursing practice. Only six percent of hospitals across the country are Magnet certified, including Michigan Medicine, which earned the recognition in 2017.
  • TJC: The Joint Commission. TJC is the oldest accrediting body and currently certifies more than 21,000 hospitals nationwide. In addition to overall hospital reviews, TJC also reviews ambulatory care settings and provides disease-specific care certifications (such as stroke).

Cybersecurity terms:

  • Anti-Virus: Ok, this may not be an acronym, but anti-virus software is an essential first line of defense when it comes to cybersecurity. It is designed to prevent infection by computer viruses — which can be used to illegally access important information and organizational data.
  • HIPAA: The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. A wide-ranging piece of legislation, part of which is designed to protect the privacy and the security of individually identifiable health information.
  • HI-TECH: The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act. This act, passed in 2009, contains specific incentives for providers to accelerate the adoption of the electronic health record (EHR). It also widens the scope of privacy and security protections available under HIPAA.
  • HITS: Health Information Technology & Services. The department at Michigan Medicine committed to providing comprehensive, flexible information technology and services capable of supporting current and emerging needs across the organization.
  • Malware: Malicious-software. Malware is any program or file that is harmful to a computer user. Malware includes viruses, worms, Trojan horses and spyware. These programs can perform a variety of functions, including stealing, encrypting or deleting sensitive data, altering or hijacking core computing functions and monitoring users’ computer activity without their permission.
  • MI-HSOC: Michigan Healthcare Security Operations Center. A brand-new facility that brings together highly-skilled teams from Michigan Medicine, Beaumont Health, Munson Healthcare and the Michigan Hospital Association. The group leverages shared technologies, processes and skills to prevent, detect, analyze and respond to cybersecurity events. Learn more by clicking here.

Medical specialties:

  • CHD: Congenital Heart Disease. Michigan Medicine has a Congenital Heart Center, which is made up of experts dedicated to treating heart abnormalities that are present at birth.
  • CVD: Cardiovascular Disease. Many of these experts are housed in the Frankel Cardiovascular Center and treat a wide-range of heart conditions, including cardiac arrest, arrhythmia, high blood pressure and more.
  • ENT: Ear, Nose and Throat. The name of this medical field is fairly self-explanatory. This specialty treats and monitors conditions related to the ear, nose, throat and related areas within the head and neck. At Michigan Medicine, ENT falls under the Department of Otolaryngology.
  • GI: GI is a field that treats all parts of the digestive system and its related disorders. It can also be referred to by the acronym GE, however, GI comes from the shortened version of “gastrointestinal,” as that is the tract most commonly treated by these specialists.
  • GM: General Medicine. At Michigan Medicine, general medicine is the largest division within the Department of Internal Medicine (see below for more on IM). These team members work to prevent, diagnose and treat any and all diseases in adult patients.
  • HEM-ONC: Hematology oncology. A hematologist-oncologist is an expert in blood diseases and cancers. This can include lymphoma, leukemia and sickle-cell diseases.
  • IM: Internal Medicine. The Department of Internal Medicine is made up of experts in a wide-range of diseases in adult patients. However, internists – as these physicians are called – may be more specialized in certain diseases or conditions than those in general medicine.
  • IPE: Infection Prevention & Epidemiology. The IPE team is dedicated to protecting patients, families and staff members from the spread of diseases within the academic medical center. They do so through initiatives such as hand hygiene compliance and policies related to the flu vaccination.
  • MEND: Metabolism, endocrinology and diabetes. The MEND clinic at Michigan Medicine offers inpatient and outpatient services in the general area of endocrine and metabolic disorders including diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, pituitary diseases, thyroid diseases, adrenal diseases, abnormalities in the reproductive axis, obesity and hyperlipidemia.
  • Ob/gyn: Obstetrics and gynecology. Obstetrics is a specialty that treats patients going through pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum time frame. Gynecology, meanwhile, covers all health issues related to the female reproductive system.
  • PM&R: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. The PM&R team provides non-surgical care to patients of every age and ability. Whether it’s physical therapy to help an athlete get back on the field or occupational or recreational therapy for patients patient recovering from a stroke, the work is a vital part of an individual’s health care journey. Learn more about PM&R by clicking here.
  • RAD-ONC: Radiation oncology. A specialty that provides all levels of radiation services to patients with cancer. These team members are housed both at the academic medical center and in ambulatory clinics across the state.

Doctoral degrees:

  • M.D.: Doctor of medicine. An M.D. is awarded by an accredited medical school.
  • Ph.D.: Doctor of philosophy. A Ph.D. is typically earned at a college or university after an individual submits a thesis or dissertation on original research.
  • D.O.: Doctor of osteopathic medicine. These are fully-licensed physicians who practice in all areas of medicine. The degree is offered by many medical schools around the U.S.
  • Pharm.D.: Doctor of pharmacy. A four-year professional doctorate degree offered by colleges and universities.
  • Psy.D.: Doctor of psychology. A professional doctoral degree typically designed for individuals interested in a clinical psychology career.
  • D.S.W.: Doctor of social work. A degree preparing graduates to work in advanced clinical social work practices.
  • D.N.P.: Doctor of nursing practice. Earned by those who have completed the highest level of academic study when it comes to nursing practice.
  • D.P.T.: Doctor of physical therapy. A practitioner who has earned a doctorate degree and is educated in many areas of rehabilitation.

Nursing degrees and certifications:

  • R.N.: Registered nurse. An individual who has graduated from a licensed nursing program.
  • B.S.N.: Bachelor of science in nursing. Those who complete a 3-4 year program in nursing.
  • A.D.N.: Associates degree in nursing. Those who complete a associates degree in nursing, which typically takes two years to complete.
  • L.P.N.: Licensed practical nurse. An individual who finishes a less-formal training program than an R.N. An L.P.N. is required to work under the supervision of an R.N.
  • C.N.P.: Certified nurse practitioner. A registered nurse who has completed advanced education and training in the diagnosis and management of common medical conditions. Nurse practitioners typically specialize in a certain patient population including: Family medicine (F.N.P), pediatrics (CPNP), adult-gerontological acute care (AGACNP), women’s health (WHNP), neonatal care (N.N.P.), emergency care (E.N.P.), gerontological (G.N.P.), psychiatric-mental health (PMHNP).
  • C.N.S.: Clinical nurse specialist. An advanced practice nursing professional who has trained extensively in a specialty practice area.
  • NEA-BC: Nurse executive advanced board certification. Awarded to those who have passed a competency-based exam demonstrating the skills needed to manage the operations of a nursing unit.
  • CRNA: Certified registered nurse anesthetist. An advanced practice nurse who is certified in administering anesthesia for surgery or other medical procedures.
  • M.S.N.: Master of science in nursing. Given to registered nurses who complete an advanced-level post-graduate degree.
  • FAANP: Fellow of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners.  There are approximately 750 individuals who have completed this fellowship program.

Therapy degrees and certifications:

  • CTRS: Certified therapeutic recreational specialist. A certified professional who works to improve the mental, emotional and physical well-being of patients through recreational activities.
  • P.T.: Physical therapist. This designation refers to individuals who are licensed as physical therapists and completed an accredited PT program.
  • O.T.: Occupational therapist. An individual who is licensed to practice occupational therapy.
  • M.P.T.: Master of physical therapy. Received by physical therapist who earned a master’s degree in the specialty.
  • M.O.T.: Master of occupational therapy: Graduate level program allowing individuals to learn the skills needed to be an occupational therapist.

Other degrees and certifications common at Michigan Medicine:

  • M.A.: Medical assistant. Certification earned by those who finish a specialized program to give them the skills required to become a medical assistant.
  • P.A.: Physician assistant. Awarded to an individual who finishes a certified physician assistant program, allowing them to practice medicine under a supervising physician.
  • M.H.A.: Master of health administration. A master’s level degree granted to those who finish a program designed to provide the skills necessary for a career in health care administration.
  • M.S.W.: Master of social work. A degree held by a large percentage of social work practitioners, earned through accredited social work graduate programs.

Federal agencies:

  • CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC states that its mission is to “increase the health security of our nation.” It does so by developing and applying disease control and prevention standards across the U.S., and providing guidelines to hospitals and other health care facilities.
  • CMS: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. CMS helps administer the Medicare and Medicaid programs, along with the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Through its surveyors, CMS also ensures that facilities that receive funding from the agency meet certain quality standards.
  • CMMI: Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation. This center falls under CMS and is tasked with testing innovative payment and delivery system models designed to improve or maintain quality of care. Michigan Medicine experts have worked closely with CMMI over the years to test many of these models.
  • FDA: Food and Drug Administration. The FDA regulates a number of items, including foods, dietary supplements, infant formulas, prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs, vaccines, medical devices and more. Often, Michigan Medicine experts will work with the FDA to get approval for new treatments following clinical trials.
  • HHS: Department of Health and Human Services. This is a wide-ranging federal department that houses CMS, CDC, FDA and other agencies.
  • NIH: National Institutes of Health. The NIH serves as the nation’s medical research agency. The group has researchers of its own, but it also offers grants nationwide, many of which are awarded to Michigan Medicine team members. The director of the NIH, Frances S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., previously served as professor of internal medicine and human genetics at U-M.
  • NIMH: National Institute of Mental Health. Much like the NIH, the NIMH is the nation’s leading agency when it comes to mental health research. Experts across the country — including those at Michigan Medicine — can apply for grants and support for clinical trials through the NIMH.
  • VA: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. This department provides robust services and health care to eligible veterans of the U.S. military. One of the primary ways of carrying this mission out is through VA hospitals — one of which is located in Ann Arbor. Several Michigan Medicine faculty members also work at VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System.

Interdisciplinary research programs:

  • CCMB: Center for Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics. The CCMB team creates computationally-based methods, tools and algorithms to extend the capabilities and results of basic and clinical health care research.
  • IHPI: Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation. IHPI serves as the nation’s leading university-based institute of health services researchers. More than 600 U-M faculty — from schools and colleges across all three U-M campuses — belong to IHPI. They evaluate how health care works and how it can be improved, including work that can impact health policy.
  • IPC: The U-M Injury Prevention Center, formerly the Injury Center. Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), IPC brings together hundreds of U-M faculty and staff who study causes of injuries and work to address them through policy and community outreach.
  • M-CIRCC: Michigan Center for Integrative Research in Critical Care. This team studies acute illnesses and injuries in both adult and pediatric patients at Michigan Medicine.

Basic research support programs:

  • BRCF: Biomedical Research Core Facilities. Through consultation, the procurement of research materials, and offering equipment and instrument rentals, BRCF helps researchers take advantage of the latest technology when carrying out their work.
  • FFMI: Fast Forward Medical Innovation. A program that offers funding programs, educational offerings and other vital resources to biomedical researchers who are seeking successful innovation and commercialization.
  • ULAM: Unit for Laboratory Animal Medicine. ULAM is one of the nation’s oldest and most recognized programs that trains laboratory animal veterinarians. The program ensures that all animals used in research studies at Michigan Medicine are given proper care.

Clinical research programs:

  • CTSO: Clinical Trials Support Office. The CTSO provides organizationwide policies, standards, infrastructure and leadership when it comes to carrying out on-site clinical trials.
  • IRBMED: Institutional Review Boards of the U-M Medical School. This team protects the rights and welfare of people participating in research studies at Michigan Medicine.
  • MICHR: Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research. This program partners with U-M health researchers and helps them enhance their work by providing education, funding and support.